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Requirements and registration

This content applies to England & Wales

The requirements for issuing energy performance certificates and their registration.

Energy performance certificate requirements

An energy performance certificate (EPC) must be issued by an energy assessor who is accredited to produce EPCs for that particular category of building.[1] See the page on Energy assessors for further details.

An EPC must express the asset rating of the building and include a reference value such as a current legal standard or benchmark. Each EPC must also include:[2]

  • the reference number under which the certificate has been registered
  • a recommendation report
  • the address of the building
  • an estimate of the total useful floor area of the building
  • the name of the energy assessor who issued the certificate the name and address of the energy assessor’s employer, or, in the case of a self-employed energy assessor, the name under which s/he trades and her/his address
  • the date on which the certificate was issued
  • the name of the approved accreditation scheme of which the energy assessor is a member.

The EPC must not contain any information or data from which a living individual, apart from the energy assessor or her/his employers can be identified.

An EPC is valid for 10 years, as long as no other more recent energy performance for the building in question exists on the register.[3]

Certification for a building consisting of a single dwelling may be based on the assessment of another representative building of similar design and size with a similar actual energy performance quality.[4]

Registration

All data relating to EPCs and recommendation reports must be registered. It is the duty of the energy assessor to ensure that the EPC and the recommendation report(s), and the data that was collected to produce it, is registered before providing the EPC and/or recommendation report to the person who requested it.[5]
 Each document entered into the register will be registered under a unique reference number and cannot be altered once registered.[6] Anything entered into the register must remain there for at least 20 years from the date of registration.[7]

A fee may be charged for entering data on the register.[8]

Disclosure

It is an offence for any person who has in her/his control or possession an EPC or recommendation report to disclose, or allow disclosure, of that information unless:[9]

  • the request for disclosure of the data is made via a website operated by the keeper of the register
  • the request includes the full postcode of the relevant building or the name of the road and city in which it is located
  • the request includes the report reference number of the valid EPC relating to that building.

Disclosure is also permitted in certain circumstances where necessary for the purposes of preventing or detecting crime or an enforcement agency to perform their duties.[[10]

[1] reg 9(1)(c) Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 SI 2012/3118.

[2] reg 9(1) Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 SI 2012/3118.

[3] reg 9(2) Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 SI 2012/3118.

[4] reg 9(5) Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 SI 2012/3118.

[5] reg 27(2) Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 SI 2012/3118.

[6] reg 27(4) Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 SI 2012/3118.

[7] reg 27(5) Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 SI 2012/3118.

[8] reg 28 Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 SI 2012/3118.

[9] reg 30 Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 SI 2012/3118.

[10] reg 32 Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 SI 2012/3118.

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