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Court structure

This content applies to England & Wales

Origins of the English legal system and the current court structure. Courts that hear different cases, judges that preside over them and who can represent the parties.

Sources of law

Main sources of law in England and Wales. 

Civil/criminal courts and tribunals

Civil and criminal courts, the Civil Procedure Rules, and tribunals. 

Court structure and hierarchy

This section considers the structure of the civil courts and the criminal courts. 

Civil court structure

Structure of the civil court, including the High Court and the county court. 

Which civil court?

This section describes how cases are allocated to particular 'tracks', usually depending on their value. 

European courts

This section describes the way the European courts operate. 

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