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Joint tenancy

A joint tenancy occurs when two or more people are named as tenants on a tenancy agreement. The effect of a joint tenancy is that all parties become jointly and severally liable for the terms of the tenancy, including the rent payments.

Joint tenants

Two or more people who rent or buy a property together, their names are all on the agreement/deeds, and share the right to live there.

Jointly and severally liable

Whereby two or more parties share a single liability, for example as joint tenants. This means that, for example, each party can be held liable to pay the whole rent and any arrears that arise.

Judgment creditor

A person who has obtained, or is entitled to enforce, a court judgment or order.

Judgment debt

A debt due under a court judgment or order.

Judgment debtor

A person against whom a court judgment or order is made, where the judgment or order remains unsatisfied.

Judgment in default/default judgment

A judgment that can be granted against a defendant who has failed to file an acknowledgement of service or a defence within the time allowed.

Judicial review

The process whereby a decision or policy of a public body, such as a local authority, is challenged in the High Court.


The area, either geographical or legal, over which a court has authority.