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Responsibility for gas safety checks in the home

This content applies to England & Wales

Gas safety checks must be carried out every 12 months on all gas appliances.

To install, repair or service a gas appliance or installation an engineer must be registered on the Gas Safe Register. Detailed information about gas safety can be obtained from the Health and Safety Executive.


Landlords are required to ensure that gas safety checks are carried out every 12 months on all gas appliances and flues, that they have provided, by a Gas Safe registered engineer.[1] From 6 April 2018, an extra two months can be allowed in relation to an installation or flue where this is to bring the dates of checks into line with those of other appliances or flues. This can only be allowed once in respect of each appliance or flue.[2]

Landlords must keep a record of the safety checks for a minimum of two years (or from 6 April 2018, for the time of two further checks)[3] and issue a copy of the most recent certificate to:

  • existing tenants within 28 days of the check
  • new tenants before they move in.

Restriction on service of section 21 notice

A landlord cannot serve a valid section 21 notice to end an assured shorthold tenancy (AST) if s/he has not provided a tenant with a copy of the gas safety certificate. This restriction only applies to ASTs granted in England on or after 1 October 2015. For details see Restrictions on use of section 21.

Free gas safety checks

Everyone is advised to have their gas appliances checked each year. A householder may be entitled to free gas safety checks from their gas supplier if s/he:

  • is of pensionable age
  • has a disability
  • has a hearing and/or visual impairment or
  • has long-term ill-health.

More information can be found from Gas Safe Register.

Gas Safe register

Registered gas engineers are issued with a Gas Safe ID card with a unique licence number. The Gas Safe Register can be used to check if an engineer is still registered, and which gas installation businesses are registered within an area. After a gas appliance has been installed or serviced, the engineer will provide a gas safety certificate.

[1] reg 36(3) and reg 36(4) Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 SI 1998/2451.

[2] reg 36A, Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 SI 1998/2451 as inserted by reg 6, Gas Safety (Installation and Use)(Amendment) Regulations 2018 SI 2018/138.

[3] reg 36(6) Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 SI 1998/2451 and, from 6 April 2018, amendments made by reg 5, Gas Safety (Installation and Use)(Amendment) Regulations 2018 SI 2018/139.

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