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Rents and rent increases for assured and assured shorthold tenancies

This content applies to England

Tenants in private housing have limited protection regarding rental rates and levels, but can rely on several mechanisms to change their rents.

Assured and AST tenant rent level protection

Rent rates are regulated by market forces and fixed in the tenancy agreement, and can be increased following a notice from the landlord 

Assured or assured shorthold tenancy rent increases

Increase of rent depends on whether the tenancy is fixed term or periodic with limited rights to increase rent during the fixed term tenancy 

Rent review clauses

A rent review clause is a written or verbal clause in a tenancy agreement that states how the landlord can increase the rent 

Periodic tenancies rent increases

Limited application of Section 13 for rent increases, the form of the notice, and steps to take when tenants disagree with the notice 

Periodic tenancies variation of terms

Varying the terms of a tenancy agreement under section 6 of the Housing Act 1988, including appealing decisions 

Landlord failure to increase rent correctly

Rent increase demanded by a landlord may be invalid and not payable but if a tenant pays the increased rent, an agreement is likely to be implied 

Application to reduce rent of ASTs

Excessive rent of an assured shorthold tenancy may be reduced following the rent assessment by the First-tier Tribunal (Property Chamber) 

How the First-tier Tribunal assesses rent

The role of the First-tier Tribunal (Property Chamber) in assessing rents, including hearings and appeals. 

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