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Safety in the home

This content applies to England & Wales

The law in relation to specific hazards that can be found in and around the home eg gas (including carbon monoxide and radon) and electrical safety, fire safety, furnishings, refuse, and vermin.

In some cases there is specific legislation relating to particular hazards, but it should be noted that all hazards can be assessed through the Housing Health and Safety Rating System.

Gas safety responsibilities

The responsibilities of landlord's and occupiers set out by the Gas Safety (Installations and Use) Regulations 1998 and supported by the Health and Safety Executive's code of practice. 

Disconnection by gas transporters

The responsibilities of gas transporters for taking action in the event of a gas leak. 

Responsibility for gas safety checks

Gas safety checks must be carried out every 12 months on all gas appliances. 

Electrical safety

The hazard from, and safety regulations concerning, electricity. 

Fire safety and the HHSRS

The Housing Health and Safety Rating System covers fire safety in all residential accommodation. 

Fire safety in HMOs

The legislation governing fire safety regulations in houses in multiple occupation (HMOs), hostels, hotels, and boarding houses. 

LA powers to take fire safety action

Limited powers outside the Housing Act 2004 that local authorities have to take action on fire safety in other residential property. 

Tenants fire safety options

How tenants may be able to take action on fire safety when the local authority does not take prompt and effective action. 

Furniture fire safety rules

Fire safety regulations for furniture and furnishings. 

Smoke and carbon monoxide

The requirement for a landlord to install smoke alarms and carbon monoxide detectors. 

Refuse and pests

Hazards from refuse and pests, particularly vermin. 

Building work

How the Building Regulations 2000 may be useful in tracking hazards in the home. 

Radon gas

A brief overview of radon gas. 


Where the requirement for premises to be smoke-free applies to private dwellings. 

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