Your landlord may try to evict you while you are in prison. You can take action to challenge this.
Reasons for eviction
If you have been sent to prison, you could be at risk of losing your home.
Your landlord may try to evict you if it appears that you have abandoned the property or no longer occupy it as your only or main home.
This can happen without giving you or the court any reasons. The landlord just has to give you a notice to quit of at least 28 days. It can be sent to your home, even after you have left.
You can also be evicted for rent arrears, whether they built up before or after you were sent to prison. Or you could lose your home because of your own or a family member's criminal or antisocial behaviour.
Your right to stay in your home depends on your tenancy agreement.
Use Shelter's tenancy checker to find out what type of tenancy you have
Eviction of assured shorthold tenants
Most private tenants have an assured shorthold tenancy and can be evicted easily with 2 months' notice.
If you have this tenancy, you can also be evicted:
- for rent arrears
- if you have abandoned the property or no longer occupy it as your sole or main home
- for using the property for immoral or illegal purposes such as selling drugs or allowing someone else to do so, or
- for causing nuisance or annoyance to neighbours
Find out more about the eviction of assured shorthold tenants.
Eviction of other private tenants
The rules are different if you have a different tenancy.
- If you have an assured tenancy, you have some protection from eviction and cannot usually be evicted until your landlord has gone to court and the court has agreed to the eviction
- If you are a regulated tenant (tenancies that started before 15th January 1989), you may have more rights than other private tenants. Get specialist legal advice if you have a regulated tenancy and you are being evicted
If you share your home with your landlord, you are probably an excluded occupier and might only be entitled to reasonable notice.
Council and housing association tenants
Most council tenants have a secure tenancy.
If you are sent to prison for any length of time, you might risk being evicted from a secure tenancy for:
- rent arrears
- subletting the whole property without permission
- no longer living in the property
Your landlord must send you the correct notice and get a court order before you can be evicted you from a secure tenancy.
You can be evicted fairly easily if you have one of these council or housing association tenancies:
- an introductory council tenancy
- a starter tenancy with a housing association
- a demoted council tenancy
- a demoted housing association tenancy
How to avoid eviction
Try to do everything you can to avoid being evicted or to make sure you have alternative accommodation when you are released. If you do not, you may not be entitled to any help from the council if you are homeless after release.
Remember that the landlord must follow the rules to evict you. If they do not, they could be illegally evicting you.
Keep in touch
You will need to decide whether you want to inform your landlord you are in prison. If you do, letters can be sent directly to you so you can be kept aware of any action that is taken to evict you.
Alternatively, ask a friend, family member or support worker to regularly collect your post and send it to you.
Go to court
If you end up going to court to defend your eviction, you may be able to argue to keep your home if you can show you:
- intend to return to your home within a reasonable period, or
- your possessions remain in the property
- the rent is being paid
- will be living there while on temporary release
- plan to spend time in the property as part of a Home Detention Curfew
Apply for money to help with rent
You must make sure that the rent is paid while you're in prison. If you don't pay your rent you could be evicted for rent arrears.
You may be eligible for housing benefit to help pay the rent.
Get advice immediately if you have been threatened with eviction. Ask an adviser in your prison for help or use Shelter's directory to find a local advice centre.
Contact an adviser in your prison or call Shelter's advice helpline.
Last updated 09 May 2017 | © Shelter
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