If you are a care leaver you may be able to get housing and other help from your local council. The help you get mainly depends on your age.
Help for 16 and 17-year-old care leavers
If you have already left care, and had spent a total of at least 13 weeks in care since the age of 14, and part of that time was while you were 16 or 17, you will be able to get help, including somewhere to live, from your local council. It doesn't matter if that 13 weeks was not all at the same time.
You have different rights if you have spent less than a total of 13 weeks in care, or you want to leave care before your 16th birthday.
Get advice if the council isn't helping you.
Help for care leavers from a personal adviser
Before you leave care you're given a pathway plan setting out what support you might need to live independently.
You're given a personal adviser whose job it is to make sure that you claim everything you are entitled to. They can help you with application forms for housing, benefits, education and training courses. They should also help you with learning life skills, like how to budget.
Your personal adviser should stay in contact with you and provide ongoing support and help until you turn 21, or until your 25th birthday if you are still studying full time.
Get advice if you don't have a personal adviser. You may be able to get one even if you didn't get one while you were still in care.
Help from the council for care leavers
The council that last looked after you remains responsible for you even if you move to a different area.
The council must continue to give you any help you need, even if you move to another area.
Contact your local council.
Financial support for 16 or 17-year-old care leavers
Most 16 or 17-year-old care leavers are not eligible for benefits. The social services department of your local council must help you by:
- providing housing or helping you find and keep your own place
- supporting you financially by paying you enough for your rent, food, bills, travel costs for education and training, clothing, pocket money and childcare if you need it
- giving you any other support you need, such as help with continuing your education, finding work or dealing with personal problems
You can usually only claim benefits if you are a 16 or 17-year-old care leaver and you are also a single parent or unable to work because of a disability or illness.
Accommodation for young care leavers
Any accommodation the council provides should be suitable for you. You may get a place in a hostel or a self-contained flat.
It is unlikely, but in some cases you could be offered a place in a children's home or foster care.
Ask your personal adviser to help you if you have problems in your accommodation.
Get advice immediately if you're placed in bed and breakfast accommodation or any other unsuitable accommodation.
Other support for care leavers aged 18 to 24
As a care leaver you should continue to receive help and advice from the local council until your 21st birthday, or 25th if you are still in education or training.
Your personal adviser should still keep in touch and should go over your pathway plan with you to see how you are getting on.
Ask social services to help you if you need support to continue with your education or find training or employment. They may be able to help with the cost of living near your college, training centre or workplace.
Benefits for care leavers over 18
When you turn 18 you are entitled to claim benefits.
You should be able to claim housing benefit and either income support or jobseeker's allowance if you need to.
Shared accommodation rate
Usually if you are aged under 35 and you rent from a private landlord, the maximum housing benefit you can get is the same rate you would get for renting a single room in a shared house.
But if you've been in care, this doesn't apply until you turn 22. You should be entitled to housing benefit for a flat of your own, even if you have just spent one night in care.
There is a maximum amount that you can be paid, which depends on the area you live in.
If you are aged 18 to 21 and spent at least one night in care when you were 16 or 17, you are automatically classed as being in priority need until your 21st birthday.
You may be entitled to emergency housing from the council if you are in priority need.
Extra help for moving into a new place
If you are a care leaver moving to a new place, you may be entitled to a budgeting loan to help pay for any rent in advance, moving expenses or household items. Most people who have been on income support or jobseeker's allowance for at least 26 weeks can apply.
These loans are paid back through deductions from your benefits.
Help for homeless care leavers
Most young people who have been in care are entitled to help if they become homeless. The help you are entitled to usually depends on your age and personal circumstances.
Care leavers under the age of 18
If you are under the age of 18, the social services department of your local council is responsible for finding you somewhere to live.
18 to 21-year-old care leavers
If you are aged 18 to 21, you can get help from both your council's social services and housing departments. You are automatically classed as being in priority need until your 21st birthday, which means that the housing department should help you find a place to live.
Social services can also help you by providing support and help with training and education.
If you are in full-time further or higher education, social services must find you somewhere to live during holiday periods if you need it.
Care leavers aged 21 and over
Some older care leavers can get accommodation from the housing department if they can show that they are in priority need. For example, this may be the case if you:
- are vulnerable as a result of having been in care
- haven't had a stable home since you left care
- have slept on the streets in the past
Social services can help you by providing assistance with education and training until your 25th birthday.
If you are in full-time further or higher education and you have nowhere to stay outside term time they must also find you somewhere to live.
Help and advice for homeless care leavers
Get advice if you become homeless.
An adviser can help you to:
- check whether social services and/or the housing department should help you
- tell you what sort of accommodation and support social services normally provide in your area – this will give you an idea of what you can expect
- make sure you are claiming all the benefits you are entitled to
- tell you what longer term housing options are available in your area and give you an idea of how much it might cost
- put you in contact with specialist support organisations or local schemes that can help you raise a deposit or find a suitable place to live
Last updated 06 Aug 2015 | © Shelter
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