By law, councils must give some priority for social housing to certain groups of people. Councils can also decide who else gets priority in their area.
How councils decide priority for social housing
Before a council decides how much priority to give you for social housing in its area, it looks at whether you are:
- eligible to apply for council housing
- a qualifying person
If you are eligible and qualify you can join the council's waiting list or housing register.
To decide how much priority you get, the council looks at how its housing allocations policy applies to you.
Each council decides its own allocations policy. By law, a council's allocations policy must give some priority to certain groups of people. This is called reasonable preference.
Each council can also decide who else gets priority within its area, and how much priority they get.
Councils often decide to give extra priority to people who have lived in the area for a certain length of time.
Most councils use a points or a banding system to award you higher or lower priority.
Find out about your local council's allocation policy
Check the rules in your area. They vary from council to council.
Many councils produce leaflets that explain their policy. You can find these at the council's housing office, in libraries or community centres or online.
Waiting time for a council home
Your chances of getting a home and how long this takes depend on:
- availability of social housing in the council's area
- levels of demand for social housing
- your level of priority or preference
- how flexible you can be in terms of type of property and areas you would consider
The council you apply to may operate a choice-based lettings scheme. This means you must register your interest in available properties rather than wait for an offer to be made to you.
The council should tell you what your chances are of getting a council or housing association home in its area. It should give you an idea of how long this may take. Some councils award extra points or preference for waiting time.
Priority if you are homeless
The council must give you some preference on its waiting list or housing register if you are legally classed as homeless. This is often not enough to give you priority over most other people on the waiting list.
Priority if you are living in poor conditions
The council must give you some preference for social housing if your home:
- is in serious disrepair
- is unsanitary, for example it doesn't have proper drainage and sewerage
- lacks basic washing and cooking facilities
There is usually a scale of priority for poor conditions. You get more points or a higher band if the council decides that your home is in such bad condition that it is dangerous or potentially damaging to your health.
Priority if you have a medical condition
You may get some preference if anyone in your household has physical or mental health problems that are made worse by where you live or mobility problems that make it difficult to get around your home.
When you apply for council housing, give as much information as possible about your health problems. Tell the council how your health problems are affected by where you live. Explain the difficulties the medical condition or disability causes. Include details of any doctor, health worker or social worker who can support your application.
Priority if you need to live in a particular area
You should get reasonable preference on the council housing waiting list or housing register if you need to live in a particular area for social or welfare reasons.
This may be so you can access support networks in the area. For example if:
- someone in your household attends a special school in the area
- you're leaving care and need to be close to people who can support you
- you need to be close to a relative so they can look after you
You can get also reasonable preference in an area if you need to be there to look after a close relative with health problems.
Having friends or family in the area won't always be enough to give you extra points, but the council may consider it.
Extra priority if you have served in the armed forces
The council may give you some more priority on the waiting list if you are a:
- former member of the regular armed forces
- member of the regular or reserve forces who is suffering from a serious injury, illness or disability related to your service
- bereaved spouse or civil partner who has to leave forces accommodation following your partner's death in service
Extra priority for urgent housing needs
The council could give you additional preference on its housing waiting list if you are:
- at risk of domestic abuse in your current home
- a witness or victim of crime and at risk of intimidation
- harassed, threatened or attacked in the local area because of your race or sexuality
Extra priority for those with general housing needs
Some councils give some priority to people who have a good record as a tenant or who benefit the community, for example through employment or voluntary work.
They can also give more priority to someone who has a local connection.