Rent increases for private tenants
Increases in a periodic tenancy
A periodic tenancy is a rolling tenancy.
You might have a rolling tenancy from the start or when your fixed term ends.
With a rolling tenancy, your rent can go up if:
you agree to it
your contract has a rent review clause
your landlord can use a section 13 notice to increase your rent
Agreeing a rent increase
Your rent does not change if your landlord just tells you it's going up.
You can agree a rent increase by:
paying the increase
signing a new agreement at a higher rent
accepting the increase, for example, by email or text
You could try and negotiate a smaller increase if you cannot afford what the landlord suggests or you think it's too much.
Your landlord might take steps to end your tenancy if you do not agree to a rent increase.
Be aware that once you pay the higher amount it legally becomes your new rent - even if you tell your landlord you are unhappy with the increase.
Rent review clauses
Check your most recent tenancy agreement for a rent review clause.
This is a term in your agreement that says how the rent can be increased. Not all tenancy agreements have them.
The clause might be quite general and say something like: "the landlord will review the rent in April each year and give the tenant 1 month's notice of any increase".
Or it could be more specific and say something like: 'the rent will increase each April in line with the Retail Price Index (RPI)".
A rent review clause will not usually apply if your fixed term has ended.
But it will still apply if the agreement says the tenancy continues as a contractual periodic tenancy after the fixed term.
If you get a section 13 notice
Your landlord can give you a formal notice of rent increase called a section 13 notice.
Your landlord cannot:
use this procedure more than once a year
increase your rent like this during the first year of your tenancy
give you a section 13 notice if your agreement has a rent review clause that still applies
What the section 13 notice needs to say
The notice needs to:
be on form 4
give at least 1 month's notice of the rent increase
The form tells you the start date for the new rent.
This needs to be the first day of a period of your tenancy.
For example, if your tenancy began on the 5th of the month, the new rent would need to start on the 5th.
If you challenge a section 13 notice at a tribunal, your rent stays the same until the tribunal makes a decision.
Otherwise the rent will increase from the date in your section 13 notice.
Last updated: 17 May 2023