No DSS: Second Shelter court case confirms disabled dad-of-four was discriminated against for receiving housing benefit
Posted 09 Sep 2020
A disabled dad has won his legal trial against housing benefit discrimination at Birmingham County Court, with the judgement handed down on Tuesday 8 September. This is the second time a UK court has ruled ‘No DSS’ unlawful.
Supported by Shelter solicitor Rose Arnall, Stephen Tyler, 29, was able to successfully prove ‘No DSS’ discrimination is unlawful and in breach of the Equality Act after he was barred from viewing properties advertised by a Birmingham estate agent, purely on the grounds of receiving housing benefit.
The discrimination Stephen faced was deemed in breach of the Equality Act because it disproportionally affects disabled people, who are more likely to need some support with paying their rent. Shelter research shows that 45 per cent of private renters who claim disability benefits like Disability Living Allowance or Serious Disability Allowance also claim housing benefit.
Having listened to the merits of the case, Her Honour Judge Mary Stacey ruled that: “There is no doubt that there was a blanket policy that no one in receipt of housing benefit would be considered for the three properties. It put the claimant and other disabled people at a particular disadvantage when compared to others.
“To be told simply, because of his benefit status, that he could not apply for three properties which were perfectly located for his children’s school, his GP and health needs, and extended family support, […] would be distressing.
She went on to say: “we make a declaration that the defendant has unlawfully indirectly discriminated against the claimant by imposing a PCP [Provision, Criteria or Practice] that those in receipt of housing benefit could not apply to those three properties.”
The Tyler family lost their home in February 2018 after they asked the landlord to make some disability adaptations to their home, and the landlord responded by serving the family with a Section 21 ‘no fault’ eviction notice.
When looking for a suitable new property to rent, Stephen was told by estate agent Paul Carr that it was “company policy” to refuse to rent to people who receive housing benefit. This was despite him having a clean rental record and having always paid his rent on time.
Stephen has used a wheelchair since a road traffic accident in December 2016 and lives with mental health issues. Following his accident, Stephen needs substantial personal care, which is mainly provided by his wife Irene, who also cares for their young children.
When the family couldn’t find a home because of DSS discrimination, Stephen made a homeless application to the council. Shelter’s legal team took on his homelessness case and helped his family to secure the social home they live in now.
Stephen said: "I feel relieved that it's over. It's been a very stressful time. It is amazing to have won – not just for me but for the tens of thousands of people like me facing this discrimination. Hopefully now it's clear that the law is on our side, things will change.”
Stephen’s case marks the second time a ‘No DSS’ policy has been confirmed as unlawful in a UK court. The first historic hearing happened in July 2020 at York County Court involving Jane* a single mum-of-two. Jane contacted Shelter’s Strategic Litigation Team after a letting agent refused to rent any properties to her because she received housing benefit.
Stephen was represented by Tessa Buchanan, a barrister at Garden Court Chambers, who was also represented Jane’s case in July.
Polly Neate, chief executive of Shelter, said: “Shelter has been fighting ‘No DSS’ discrimination for the past two years because we know it pushes people to the brink of homelessness and leaves many feeling worthless.
“This win proves yet again that blanket bans against people on housing benefit are unlawful because they overwhelmingly bar women and disabled people like Stephen, who are more likely to need help with their rent, from finding a safe home.
“It’s senseless that people who can afford private rents are being forced into homelessness by blind prejudice. It’s now time for landlords and letting agents to do better; they must consider tenants fairly based on their ability to afford the rent – not where their income comes from. And Shelter will continue campaigning until ‘No DSS’ is fully stamped out.”
Notes to editors:
45 per cent of private renters who claim disability benefits like Disability Living Allowance or Serious Disability Allowance also claim housing benefit: Shelter analysis of Wave 9 (January 2019) of the Understanding Society research, carried out by the Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) at the University of Essex, funded by, The Economic and Social Research Council.
Tyler v Paul Carr is the second DSS discrimination case to be fully considered by a UK court and the second successful DSS court hearing to have been won by Shelter. Paul Carr estate agent’s policy not to rent to people who receive housing benefit was deemed unlawfully indirectly discriminatory on the grounds of disability contrary to the Equality Act 2010.
The first DSS discrimination case to be fully considered by a UK court was that of Jane* at York County Court. Single mum-of-two Jane was barred from viewing properties at a local letting agent by their policy not to rent any properties to people who receive housing benefit. The court declared that the letting agent’s policy was unlawfully indirectly discriminatory on the grounds of sex and disability contrary to the Equality Act 2010. You can read more about Jane’s case here.