A housing association tenant can only be evicted for certain legal reasons that the housing association must prove.
Where to get advice
You lose a lifetime tenancy if you're evicted from an assured housing association tenancy. Most housing association tenants have this tenancy type.
Get advice as soon as you can if you're facing eviction.
You may qualify for legal aid (free advice or representation) if you're on a low income:
You can get advice from Shelter regardless of your income:
Have your notice and court paperwork with you when you speak to an adviser.
Reasons for eviction from an assured housing association tenancy
The law sets out reasons why you can be evicted from an assured housing association tenancy. These are called 'grounds for possession'.
To evict you, the court must agree that at least one ground for possession applies.
There are two main types: discretionary grounds and mandatory grounds.
Mandatory grounds for possession
The court must order your eviction if the council proves that a mandatory ground for possession applies to you.
You can ask the court to delay your eviction up to a maximum of 42 days from the date of the hearing.
If you don't leave, the housing association can ask the court to send bailiffs to evict you. The court has no power to suspend the bailiffs warrant.
The mandatory grounds most often used are listed here.
Ground 8: rent arrears of more than 8 weeks or 2 months
The court must make an order to evict you if the housing association is using ground 8 for rent arrears as its reason for wanting you to be evicted.
Ground 8 applies if you owe either
- more than 8 weeks' rent if you pay weekly
- 2 months' rent if you pay monthly
This ground only applies if you have this amount of rent arrears both at the time:
- the housing association gave you the notice to leave, and
- on the date of the court hearing
You'll have a better chance of keeping your home if you can get your rent arrears below these levels by the time of the court hearing.
There are also discretionary grounds for rent arrears.
You can be evicted if you or a member of your household or a visitor has already been convicted of antisocial behaviour.
This ground could be used if, for example, you have been convicted of:
- a serious offence
- a breach of a criminal behaviour order
- breaching a court order in relation to serious noise nuisance
There are also discretionary grounds for antisocial behaviour.
Demolition or major works
The housing association can decide it wants to evict you to:
- demolish or reconstruct your home
- carry out major repairs on your home that can't be done while you live there
Your landlord must pay your removal costs up to a reasonable amount.
Discretionary grounds for possession
It's not enough for your housing association to prove that a discretionary ground for eviction applies to you. The court must also decide that it is reasonable to make a possession order. (This could be an outright possession order or a suspended possession order).
The court should take into account if you can:
- pay a lump sum to reduce rent arrears
- make regular payments towards rent arrears
- take action to put right any breaches of your tenancy agreement
The discretionary grounds most likely to be used are:
Rent arrears and late payment of rent
The housing association can ask the court to evict you for:
- any amount of rent arrears
- regularly paying your rent late
Before your housing association takes you to court to evict you for rent arrears, it should follow the steps set out in the rent arrears protocol.
These say the housing association must:
- write to you about your arrears
- help you with your housing benefit claim
- offer other support if you are vulnerable
- try to reach an agreement with you to repay the arrears
You can be evicted for antisocial or violent behaviour, if you:
- cause a nuisance in your neighbourhood
- harass your landlord or their staff
- use your home for illegal activities, such as drug dealing
- are violent towards your spouse or partner and they leave home as a result
- commit an offence during a riot anywhere in the UK
You can also be evicted if a member of your household or a visitor behaves in this way.
As an alternative to trying to evict you, your landlord could apply to the court to demote your tenancy if you or your family have been involved in antisocial behaviour. You can ask the court not to agree to downgrade your tenancy.
Your housing association could decide to use a mandatory ground for antisocial behaviour if someone in your home has been convicted of an antisocial behaviour offence
Breaking your tenancy agreement
The housing association can take you to court if you break the terms of your tenancy agreement, for example if you don't:
- pay the rent on time
- pay the water charges included in your rent
- allow workmen in to carry out necessary repairs
Your tenancy agreement sets out your rights and responsibilities as a tenant.
You should be given a written tenancy agreement when you become a housing association tenant.
You can be evicted if you lied to get your tenancy. For example, if you did not disclose that you owned another property when you filled in the application to go on the housing waiting list.
Last updated 05 February 2019 | © Shelter
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