Landlords must follow the correct procedures to evict private tenants and lodgers. It's illegal eviction if they don't.
Illegal eviction is a criminal offence
It's a criminal offence for your landlord to evict you without following the correct legal steps for eviction.
If bailiffs are required to evict you, it's illegal eviction if your landlord forces you to leave before the bailiffs arrive, even if your landlord has a court order for you to leave.
Your landlord must follow rules on how you can be evicted.
Actions that count as illegal eviction
It's usually illegal eviction if your landlord:
- forces you to leave by threatening or harassing you
- physically throws you out
- stops you from getting into certain parts of your home
- changes the locks while you're out
When eviction by bailiffs is needed
Only a bailiff can lawfully evict you from your home if you are a private tenant.
Before the bailiffs can come, your landlord must:
- give you notice to leave
- go to a court for a possession order
- apply to a court for bailiffs to evict you
It also applies if you live in the same building as your landlord, but don't share accommodation with them (you are classed as an occupier with basic protection).
When eviction by a landlord is allowed
Your landlord can evict you from some types of accommodation if you stayed on after either:
- the end of a fixed term contract
- the end of the period set out in a legal notice to leave
This applies if you are:
- a lodger being evicted from a home you share with your landlord
- a hostel resident being evicted from a hostel
- evicted from temporary accommodation provided by the council while the council considers your homeless application
Your landlord must not use threats or violence to evict you but they can change the locks while you are out.
Contact the council about illegal eviction
Get advice from the council if you are being threatened with illegal eviction or have been illegally evicted.
Your council's tenancy relations or private rented housing team:
- can negotiate with your landlord to try to get you back into your home
- may also be able to prosecute your landlord for illegal eviction.
Use the Gov.uk council search to find details of your local council.
Call the police
Call the police if you're being illegally evicted by a private landlord and your landlord is violent or threatens violence.
Call 999 if a crime is happening now or someone is in immediate danger.
The police should come to your home if they can prevent violence or a breach of the peace. They can act to stop a breach of the peace. The police should not help the landlord to evict you.
The Protection from Eviction Act 1977 makes it a criminal offence for your landlord to evict you without following the correct legal steps.
Harassment is a criminal offence. A landlord who tries to make you leave by threatening violence may be guilty of harassment.
Show the police a copy of your tenancy agreement if they need proof you are a tenant.
Get free legal advice and help
Get advice now if you're facing eviction.
Contact your local council - their tenancy relations officers can negotiate with your landlord and may prosecute them for illegal eviction and harassment
Contact Civil Legal Advice on 0345 345 4 345 to see if you qualify for legal aid to challenge the eviction after it's happened
Use Shelter's directory to find local advice from Shelter, Citizens Advice or a law centre
Last updated 05 May 2017 | © Shelter
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