Find out if your housing situation means you're legally homeless and how the council must help.
How the council must help
You can ask the council for help if you're homeless now or facing homelessness.
If the council decides you're 'legally homeless', they must usually:
agree a plan to help you find somewhere else to live
arrange emergency housing if you qualify for it
The council should give you a letter with reasons if they decide you're not legally homeless. You can ask for a review within 21 days if you think the decision is wrong.
Private tenants facing eviction
You can ask the council for help when your landlord starts the eviction process (usually with a section 21 notice or sometimes with a section 8 notice).
You have a legal right to stay in your home until you're evicted by bailiffs.
The council could decide you're legally homeless before an eviction takes place if it's not reasonable to stay in your home.
For example, if your home is unaffordable it might not be reasonable to stay. The council looks at the following when deciding if your home is affordable:
other reasonable living expenses
When your notice ends
Depending on your situation, the council could decide it's reasonable for you to stay:
past the date in the notice
until the court makes a possession order or an eviction takes place
This is because the eviction process can take a few months and the council may be able to persuade your landlord to stop or delay the process.
If you live with your landlord
You're legally homeless once your notice period or contract ends. Your landlord doesn't need a court order to evict you.
Council or housing association tenants facing eviction
A court decides whether or not you should be evicted from a council or housing association home.
The council might decide you're not legally homeless until either:
the court sets a date for you to leave your home
bailiffs carry out an eviction
You can get legal help to challenge an eviction. The council may ask you to do this.
If eviction is unavoidable, the council might accept that you're legally homeless at an earlier stage.
Asked to leave by family or friends
You're legally homeless if family or friends withdraw their permission for you to stay.
The council will usually contact your family or friends to:
confirm the date you have to leave
negotiate to see if you can stay or return
The council could decide you're not homeless if family or friends agree to let you stay.
At risk of violence or abuse
You're legally homeless if you are experiencing or threatened with domestic abuse by a partner, former partner or family member.
You're legally homeless if you experience violence or serious threats in your home from someone unrelated to you. This includes:
serious neighbour nuisance
Violence or abuse could be directed at you personally or anyone in your household.
The council should look into your situation without putting you at further risk.
Repossession by a mortgage lender
The council may decide you're threatened with homelessness rather than legally homeless if your lender writes to say they are taking court action.
You could already be legally homeless if:
repossession is inevitable because you can't pay off your arrears
you can't pay for basics like food or heating after paying your mortgage
After a possession hearing
You're legally homeless if the court makes an outright possession order which sets a date for you to leave your home. You still have the right to stay in your home until an eviction takes place.
You're not legally homeless if the court makes a suspended possession order which allows you to stay in your home and clear your arrears in instalments.
You'll be threatened with homelessness again if you don't make the payments ordered.
If you don't have a home
You're legally homeless if you don't have a home and you're on the streets.
The council should accept you're legally homeless if you're staying somewhere very temporary such as a:
You're legally homeless if you stay for short periods with different friends or family because you have nowhere settled to stay (sometimes called sofa-surfing).
If you have a home you can't stay in
You're legally homeless if you have somewhere to live but any of the following apply:
you've been illegally evicted
an ex-partner has changed the locks
your partner, children or other family members who usually live with you can't stay there
The council could decide you're not homeless if you have a home somewhere else (even if it's in a different country).
You're legally homeless if the council decide it's not reasonable to expect you to stay or return to your home.
Overcrowded or poor housing conditions
The council might accept you're homeless if your home is severely overcrowded or there's a significant risk to your health because of poor conditions.
They may decide you're threatened with homelessness rather than homeless if conditions in your home can be improved.
Nowhere to put a caravan or boat
You're legally homeless if you live in a:
houseboat but have nowhere to legally moor it
caravan or mobile home but have nowhere to legally park it
Last updated: 4 May 2018