If you are elderly or disabled and it's hard to move around your home, it may be possible to get adaptations that can make things easier.
Decide what adaptations you need
Access to your home
You may want to consider adaptations, such as:
- a ramp for wheelchair users to get in and out of your home
- a wheelchair lift if it isn't possible to install a ramp
- grab rails outside the front door
Opening the door
You could consider using:
- a door entry intercom – to let visitors in and out. Some come with a video screen to check out callers
- a key safe – where a key is kept in a secure box outside the property. You can give to code to open it to neighbours or relatives
Moving around your home
Can you move around your home with a wheelchair, or do you need adaptations to make full use of your home?
If there is a wheelchair user in your household, think about:
- widening door frames and installing new doors
- having everything on one floor to avoid having to go up and down the stairs
- installing a stair lift
- fitting a 'through-floor' wheelchair lift – this involves making a hole in the ceiling and installing a lift to move between floors
You could also have a second banister installed so you can hold on to both sides of the stairs.
Washing and getting dressed
You may need specific adaptations to help you manage washing and dressing. There are a number of different adaptations that can make this easier, including:
- a wet room with a walk-in shower
- a hoist to lift you in and out of the bath
- grab rails to make it easier to get in and out of the bath
Think about how you will get out of the property in the event of an emergency.
For people with serious mobility problems, consider having your bedroom as close as possible to an exit or a safe area.
Look into installing smoke alarms with a vibrating pad or a flashing light if you or a household member has a hearing impairment.
You can place smoke alarms with strobe lights outside your home to get the attention of neighbours or passers-by
You could also consider installing an emergency alarm call system that plugs into your telephone and calls for outside help in the event of a fire.
Adaptations can be made to help you to get into and stay in bed, such as an adjustable bed, leg lifters or rails to stop you from falling out.
A number of gadgets are available to people with disabilities. You can get more information from the Disabled Living Foundation.
Options if you are a tenant
Getting adaptations done may only be a worthwhile option if you have a longer-term tenancy. Most council and housing association tenants have longer-term tenancies.
It may not be worth adapting your home if you have a short-term tenancy agreement such as an assured shorthold tenancy. Most private tenants have this tenancy type.
You must get your landlord's agreement to carry out adaptations. Landlords must not withhold consent unreasonably. Landlords can take into account things like the length of your tenancy, how much work is needed and if permission is also needed from anyone else, such as the freeholder of a mansion block.
Explain that it may be possible to get a grant to cover the cost. Your landlord may agree to do the adaptations or allow you to do them.
Your landlord may be able to evict you if you make alterations to the property without permission.
Apply for financial help
Disabled facilities grants usually cover adaptations costing between £1,000 and £30,000. You will have to contribute to the cost of the adaptations if your income is over a certain amount.
Contact your local council to apply. The council will then decide if you need the adaptation and if it’s appropriate given the condition of the property.
You can also get help from your council for equipment and adaptations costing less than £1,000. These are provided free of charge if it is decided you need them.
Another option may be home improvement agencies. If you’re older, disabled or on a low income, they could provide a handyperson service to carry out work for you.
Visit Foundations to search for a local handyperson service
Older homeowners can sometimes release equity in their home to help pay for adaptations.
Help to stay in your home
If you want to stay in your home, social services will do their best to help you. They could recommend special equipment and adaptations that can be carried out at your home to make it easier for you to get around.
The kinds of adaptation you can get depend on your circumstances. You can ask your council's social services department to carry out a care and support assessment.
Social services will look at how you cope with day-to-day living and recommend help or equipment that might make life easier for you.
They could also arrange for you to receive support or care at home.
If it is not possible for you to stay in your home, you may need to consider moving to:
- a specially adapted property
- sheltered housing
- a care home
Still need help?
Use Shelter's directory to find a local advice centre if you need face to face advice from a housing or benefits adviser.
Last updated 11 Aug 2017 | © Shelter