Electrical safety in rented homes
All landlords must make sure their properties are safe.
Electrical safety in all tenancies
All landlords including councils and housing associations must make sure your home is safe and fit to live in throughout your tenancy.
They must keep wiring and installations in safe working order.
As a tenant, you must:
report electrical faults as soon as you spot a problem
allow access for repairs and safety inspections
make sure your own appliances are safe
You can carry out a visual safety check but don't try to do your own electrical repairs.
Electrical safety checks in private rented homes
From 1 July 2020, private landlords must make sure that all electrical installations are inspected and tested by a registered electrician.
The electrician will produce a report for the landlord. You should be given a copy.
The inspection should take place at least once every 5 years.
If your tenancy started on or after 1 June 2020
the first check should have been done before you moved in
you should have been given a copy of the report
Write to your landlord and ask for the most recent report if you've not received it. They must give you a copy within 4 weeks.
If your tenancy started before 1 June 2020, your landlord must have made sure that the first check was done by 1 April 2021.
If the property has been built or rewired in the last 5 years, your landlord can give you an electrical installation certificate (EIC) instead and won't have to arrange a safety check.
Resident landlords with lodgers don't need to carry out electrical safety checks but can choose to if they want to make sure the home is safe.
What is tested during the inspection?
The electrician will test and inspect the fixed electrical installations in the property. For example: wiring, plug sockets, light fittings, fuse boxes, electric showers and extractor fans.
They can make any immediate hazards safe before they leave your home.
They won't check the safety of items that can be moved around, such as TVs, white goods, kettles or toasters, unless your landlord has also asked them to do a portable appliance (PAT) test.
PAT testing is not a legal requirement for landlords but it's a recommended way for them to keep your home safe.
You can check the electrician is registered to carry out inspections and do repair work.
The electrical safety report (EICR)
The electrician will provide the landlord with an electrical installation condition report (EICR).
Your landlord must give you a copy within 4 weeks of the inspection.
The report will either:
confirm that all installations meet the safety standards
require further investigation or repair work
It will also say when the next electrical safety check should be done.
When further work is needed
Check the EICR to see if the electrician has written a code next to any of the installations.
|Code||What it means|
|FI||Further investigation needed.|
|C1||Dangerous installation. Not suitable for continued use. Repairs needed.|
|C2||Potentially dangerous installation. Not suitable for continued use. Repairs needed.|
|C3||Improvements recommended but not required.|
Codes C1, C2 or FI mean that the repairs or investigations must be done within 4 weeks, or sooner if it says this in the report.
Your landlord must then write to you and the council within 4 weeks to confirm the work has been completed.
Code C3 means the installation has passed the safety check. Improvements are recommended but not required.
Disruption during repair work
Some electrical safety work can be very disruptive if you're living in the property. You must allow access for the work to take place though.
You have the right to stay in your home while any work takes place and the landlord won't usually have to provide anywhere else for you to stay.
Find out about moving out temporarily during repairs.
You could ask for a rent reduction while the work takes place. If your landlord agrees to this, keep emails or messages to show what's been agreed.
You don't have an automatic right to end a fixed term tenancy but you might be able to negotiate an early release from the contract if you feel unable to stay.
If your private landlord won't deal with a safety problem
Most councils have a private rented housing team.
You can contact this team if your landlord won't arrange safety checks or carry out work needed after an inspection.
This team may refer you on to the environmental health team who must take action if there's a safety problem in your home.
You should be able to find contact details on your council website, usually in the housing section.
Ending your tenancy or withholding rent
Unfortunately you don't have an automatic right to end a fixed term tenancy early or withhold rent even if your landlord has broken the law. For example, by:
failing to arrange an electrical safety check
refusing to do the work required in an EICR
You might be able to negotiate an early end to the contract, or a rent reduction.
You can give notice if you want to leave a rolling or periodic tenancy.
You could consider legal action if problems can't be resolved, or if you're unable to stay in your home because it's unsafe.
If you rent from a council or housing association
Councils and housing associations don't have to carry out electrical safety checks but they must:
make sure that your home is safe and fit to live in
fix or investigate electrical problems that you report promptly
Make a formal complaint to your landlord if they don't respond or take too long to deal with the problem.
If the situation remains unresolved, you could:
Last updated: 12 October 2021