Section 21 eviction
Staying after a section 21 notice
Your tenancy continues if you stay past the end of a section 21 notice until you either:
- leave the property voluntarily
- are evicted through the legal process
You should pay rent for as long as your tenancy continues.
You have rights even if you owe rent or your landlord starts court action.
You can ask for repairs and must allow your landlord reasonable access to your home to carry them out.
Check your most recent tenancy agreement to see if you should allow access for other reasons, such as viewings by future tenants. Access must be with your permission and at a reasonable time.
It's illegal for landlords or agents to harass you or force you to leave your home.
When your tenancy ends
If your tenancy ends through agreement with the landlord rather than eviction, it's important to be clear about the actual end date.
Communicate in writing, for example by email. Your landlord should be flexible about the date the tenancy ends if they want you to leave without the need for court action.
You'll be liable for rent until the date you've agreed your tenancy ends, even if you move out earlier.
If you can find somewhere else to rent
Some landlords assume that their tenants will leave at the end of a section 21 notice.
Let your landlord or agent know if you intend to stay past the end of the notice to avoid any misunderstanding about when you're leaving.
Continue to pay rent and only agree a move out date once you've found somewhere else to live. For example, if you sign a tenancy agreement for a new home.
If you can't find anywhere else to rent
Don't move out at the end of the notice period if you have nowhere settled to move to.
It's usually better to stay in your tenancy until you've found somewhere to live and ask the council for help with this if you need it.
If you move in with friends or family, check how long you can stay there before giving up your tenancy.
The council could decide you're intentionally homeless if you ask them for help after leaving a tenancy when you had the right to stay there. This affects the help you get.
If you have rent arrears
Don't feel pressured into moving out even if you have rent arrears, especially if you have nowhere to move to. Look at all options to get help with your rent first.
Your landlord might decide to take no further action if you can get back on track and make a repayment plan.
If your rent is no longer affordable, for example, because of a job loss or relationship breakdown, it might not be reasonable for you to stay there in the longer term.
You should look for somewhere cheaper to rent and ask the council for help with this if you need it.
What to expect from the council
The council usually check the following if you ask them for help:
- if the section 21 notice is valid
- what your landlord intends to do next
- whether your home is suitable and affordable
They also check that you meet the immigration and residence conditions for help.
The council might decide that you're threatened with homelessness if the notice is valid and ends in the next 8 weeks.
They may also decide you're homeless now if your home is unaffordable or it's not safe for you to stay.
If so, the council must help you to either stay in your home or find somewhere else to live.
The council might tell you to stay in your home until your landlord gets a court order or even until the bailiffs come. This may not be reasonable if you will end up with rent arrears or court costs to pay off.
The cost of an eviction will be at least £500 and could be more. Ask the council for help with these costs if they insist that you must stay.
If your landlord starts court action
Your landlord can start court action once the date on the section 21 notice has passed.
You may have to pay for the costs of the eviction if the notice is valid.
You or the council should ask your landlord to delay court action if you're looking for somewhere else to live.
If the section 21 notice is invalid, you can challenge the eviction in court. If the judge dismisses the case, you can stay in your home and won't have to pay court costs.
Your landlord might serve a new notice to start the process again.
Last updated 05 August 2020 | © Shelter
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