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Housing Health and Safety Rating System

This content applies to England & Wales

Local authorities' duties and powers to inspect rented housing and enforce repair and improvement works. The Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) that was introduced by the Housing Act 2004 and came into force on 6 April 2006, replacing the fitness standard and enforcement action under the Housing Act 1985.

Introduction and terminology

The Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS), including its underlying principles and terminology. 


Hazards as assessed and categorised by the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS). The 29 categories of hazards used by the system. 

Duty to inspect and assessment of hazards

Local authorities' duty to inspect properties in their area. The inspection process, the outcome of an inspection, and how hazards identified in an inspection are assessed. 

Powers and duties of enforcement

Local authorities' powers to deal with a hazard. 

Enforcement options

Local authorities' options for enforcement action to deal with a hazard. 

Public sector landlords

Enforcement powers and duties in relation to local authority landlords and registered social landlords. 

Renewal Areas and financial help

Other powers local authorities have with regard to improving and maintaining housing conditions in their area, namely the power to declare Renewal Areas and to offer financial assistance. 

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