Local authority referrals at the main duty stage
The process for the referral of a homeless applicant to another local authority at the main duty stage.
When referral can be made
Where a homeless applicant is owed the main housing duty they can be referred to another local authority (the 'second authority') where the referral conditions are met.
This means that an applicant can be referred once the authority (the 'first authority') has decided that an applicant is homeless, eligible for assistance, in priority need and not intentionally homeless.
For applications made before 3 April 2018 this is the only stage at which a local connection referral can be made.
For applications made on or after 3 April 2018:
where the local authority has already accepted a main housing duty (and a referral has not been made at relief stage), the referral can only occur once the authority's relief duty to them has ended
a referral cannot be made in respect of an applicant who the authority judges has deliberately and unreasonably failed to cooperate with steps owed under the relief duty as the main housing duty will not have arisen.
A referral can be made to an English, Scottish or Welsh local authority. See local connection for the position when an English authority wishes to refer a former asylum seeker to a Scottish authority.
Duty to applicant after notification of referral
The first authority must give notification of the referral to the second authority and to the applicant. The applicant may be given notification either before or after the notification to the second authority
Once the applicant has been notified that the first authority has notified (or intends to notify) a second authority that it is of the opinion that the conditions for referral are met, the first authority is not:
under a duty to secure interim accommodation under section 188
subject to the main housing duty (under section 193)
The first authority must continue to secure temporary accommodation until the second authority has accepted the referral. It must also continue to protect the applicant's property where applicable.
Acceptance or rejection of referral
Where the first authority notifies another that it is making a referral, the second authority has to consider whether the referral conditions are met. If it agrees that they are, then it has to accept the referral.
The first authority should notify the second authority that it is referring an applicant, firstly by telephone,email or fax and then in writing. A specimen standard notification form is attached to the Local Authority Agreement.
Referral accepted by second authority
If the second authority accepts the referral it owes the main housing duty to the applicant. The first authority owes no further duties to the applicant although it has the discretion to provide temporary accommodation pending the outcome of a review.
The decision of the first authority that the applicant is homeless, eligible for assistance, in priority need and not intentionally homeless is binding on the second authority. This is the case even if it arose from a fresh application by the applicant to the first authority after the second authority had previously discharged its duty to the applicant under an earlier application.
It is only open to the second authority to challenge the decision of the first authority that an applicant is owed the main housing duty by way of judicial review on public law grounds.
Referral rejected by second authority
If the second authority rejects the referral, and the first authority accepts its decision, the first authority owes the main housing duty to the applicant.
Previous application to second authority
If the authority to whom the referral was made had made a negative decision in respect of a previous application, it only has to accept a duty following the referral if there has been a subsequent change of circumstances. Where there has been no change of circumstances, the main housing duty will remain with the first authority.
The first authority cannot reopen inquiries and revisit its decision unless that decision was the result of:
the applicant's fraud and deception
a fundamental mistake of fact
Where the two authorities are unable to come agreement as to whether the referral conditions are met, they can enter the procedure to resolve disputes.
Notification of decision to applicant
When the two authorities have reached a decision on whether the referral conditions are met the first authority must notify the applicant in writing of:
its decision and the reasons for it
the applicant's right to request a review of the decision within 21 days
Local authority guidelines
Voluntary guidelines on the procedure for referrals of homeless applicants to another local authority, and for resolving disputes between local authorities are set out in the 'Procedures for referrals of homeless applicants to another local authority' (commonly known as the Local Authority Agreement). A specimen standard notification form is attached to the Agreement.
Last updated: 17 March 2021
s.198(1) Housing Act 1996.
s.200(1A) Housing Act 1996 as inserted by s.5(10)(c) Homelessness Reduction Act 2017.
.s.193C(4) Housing Act 1996 as inserted by s.7(1) Homelessness Reduction Act 2017.
s.200(1) Housing Act 1996.
s.200(1) Housing Act 1996.
s.211(2) Housing Act 1996.
s.200(4) Housing Act 1996.
para 6.1 Procedures for referrals of homeless applicants to another local authority, Local Government Association, 2018 (the standard notification form is on page 17 of the document).
s.200(4) and (5) Housing Act 1996.
R v Slough BC ex parte Ealing LBC  QB 801; R (on the application of Kensington and Chelsea RLBC) v Ealing LBC  EWHC 24 (Admin).
R v Newham LBC ex p Tower Hamlets LBC (1991) 23 HLR 62, CA.
s.200(3) Housing Act 1996.
R (on the application of Sambotin) v Brent LBC  EWCA Civ 1826; R v Dacorum DC ex parte Walsh (1991) 24 HLR 401, QBD; Porteous v West Dorset DC  EWCA Civ 244.
s.200(2) and (6) Housing Act 1996.